The common position in a pharmacy is that which entails the mixing and dispensing of medications from a counter at a hospital or retail pharmacy outlet. These were some of the basic functions that a pharmacist performed in their day to day job functions. However the passage of time has seen the growth in pharmacy jobs worldwide.
The profession has grown to include more specialized and complicated aspects which also require further studying. Professionals in this industry have also started taking part in duties that contribute to the overall health care umbrella. Hence you find roles in areas such as clinical services among others. This role basically entails the promotion of health and the prevention of diseases and also involves direct selection of different categories of drugs.
Another aspect which they now play a role in is that of assessing medication to determine their safety and effectiveness. In previous years their duties only restricted them to just mixing and dispensing without necessarily having to understand the more advanced aspects of medications. Therefore this has led to more hands on approach to their work.
This has led to them being able to offer more information to patients and customers without necessarily having to refer them elsewhere. It has also led to them being able to improve themselves and be more empowered at the same time. To an extent they could be able to operate a pharmacy as a one stop shop for medical advice and information on drug and medicines use.
One of the most common occupations in this industry is that of an entrepreneur or owner managed business. An increasing number of professionals have been opening their own practices over the years sometimes even directly from school. The advantage here is that one can run their business in a manner that suits their lifestyle. The success of it depends on how much they put into it.
This kind of scenario is found in the retail sector where the competition is usually tough and things such as pricing are dictated by the market. The owner managed business competes with other retailers ranging in size from small pharmacies to large retail outlets. Some regulation of the industry is also done by associations formed by the coming together of the individual players.
Hospitals also employ such professionals and they usually do so in large numbers especially the public hospitals. There is usually less variety in what you can do in this environment because the function is more of the basic mixing and dispensing. Specializations are few and many professionals usually find that they have to leave the public sector for the private sector to gain experience in more advanced and diverse areas.
Nursing homes as well as mental hospitals also employ such professionals to complement their overall service provided. In these environments they also have to learn skills such as CPR and basic fire fighting as well. They also need to be highly experienced and very emotionally mature so that they can be able to deal with some of their duties, which mostly require dealing with fragile patients.